China borders 14 countries, tying Russia for the most neighbors. Not only does it practice diplomacy through spontaneous violence, it has nukes.
But while many of Russia's neighbors are peaceful — Estonia, Finland, Norway, and Latvia come to mind — China borders Afghanistan, North Korea, Myanmar, and Pakistan. Nobody knows when — or if — the North Korean government will collapse, but the idea of 24 million starving people suddenly finding themselves without a government is a frightening one for Beijing.
The same year, the United States spent 0 billion on defense, Russia billion, India billion, and Japan billion.
It's probably difficult to walk through Beijing's most prosperous neighborhoods or Shanghai's glittering streets and grasp that you are in a country that borders three of the most unstable places in the world — Pakistan, Afghanistan, and North Korea.
The Second Artillery fields more than 1,100 conventional short-range ballistic missiles with ranges of 1,000 kilometers or less, another 300 or so conventional medium-range ballistic missiles, and an estimated 120 long-range nuclear ballistic missiles..
At the same time, its neighborhood headaches are as numerous as ever.This worked with Pakistan, but failed with North Korea.In Myanmar, China cozied up with the oppressive military regime only for it to suddenly open up and seek ties with the West and Japan."Clashes could occur on the border with India, but they would be contained by geography and unlikely to escalate into a wider war."Vietnam fought China in 1979 and killed 9,000 People's Liberation Army troops in a single month.Japan's occupation of China in the 1930s and '40s killed millions of Chinese. China and Russia waged a short, undeclared war in 1969.